Massimo Vignelli, Design Icon, Dies at 83

Massimo Vignelli, Design Icon, Dies at 83

Vignelli with his proposal for the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority in 1968. Photo by Jim McNamara/The Washington Post.

Quincy Darbyshire | May 28, 2014

Visionary designer Massimo Vignelli died on Tuesday at his home in Manhattan after a long battle with illness. He was 83 years old. His loss will be felt substantially by the industry, which has enjoyed the influence of his work for over 50 years. His brown paper shopping bags for Bloomingdale’s, the classic 1966 Stendig Calendar, and his massive 1972 redesign of the New York subway map are just as relevant today as they were at first conception. In Vignelli’s words, “If you do it right, it will last forever.”

Vignelli was born in Milan in 1931. At age 16, he began studying and working in the office of a local architect. At 18, he studied architecture at the Politecnico di Milano, then the Universita di Architettura in Venice. Soon a self proclaimed “architecture groupie,” he was running in the same circles as architecture greats like Le Courbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, and Charles Eames.

Vignelli met his future wife, Lella, at an architecture convention and they married in 1957. After three years, they opened an architecture and design firm in Milan, designing for European firms like Pirelli, Rank Xerox, and Olivetti. They moved to New York City in 1965, and by 1971 they had established Vignelli Associates, later renamed Vignelli Designs in 1978.

“If you can design one thing, you can design everything,” proclaimed Vignelli, and he did just that alongside his wife for five decades. The acclaimed graphic designer had a prolific career giving shape to his spare, modernist vision in book covers and shopping bags, furniture and corporate logos, even church pews. Vignelli preached clarity and coherence and practiced it with discipline in everything he turned out, whether kitchenware, public signage, subway maps, or home interiors.

Massimo Vignelli received a number of awards throughout his career, including the AIGA Gold Medal and the National Lifetime Achievement Award from the Cooper-Hewitt National Museum of Design. He and his wife, Lella, were inducted into the Interior DesignHall of Fame in 1988.

In addition to his wife, Vignelli is survived by his son, Luca; his daughter, Valentina Vignelli Zimmer; and three grandchildren. During his last days of illness, Vignelli’s son, Luca, requested that anyone who had been influenced or inspired by his father’s work send him a letter. Designers from all over the world responded and wrote notes of appreciation and gratitude. Many posted those notes online as well with the hashtag #dearmassimo. The tribute was a testament to his influence and how many lives he had touched during his career, which, unquestionably, will continue to inspire and enthrall young designers for many decades to come.


7 Breathtaking Retail Spaces

7 Breathtaking Retail Spaces

Mairi Beautyman | April 25, 2014 |

PROJECT NAME 7 Retail Projects

There’s never a dull moment in retail design. From pixelated wall shelving based on the human eye to “rolling stone” display cases and faceted surfaces resembling cut gems, here are seven retail design projects attracting shoppers with an appetite for innovation.

1. Firm: Janson Goldstein

Project: Holt Renfrew

Location: Toronto

Standout: The facade and asymmetrical entry of this luxury department store is distinguished by glass panels overlapping to create a ribbon-like effect. Inside, all furnishings and fixtures are custom, with detailing including white-oak ceilings in the men’s department and walnut stained veneer.

2. Firm: HEIKAUS Concept

Project: Optometrie Cagnolati

Location: Duisburg, Germany

Standout: A dramatic pixelated wall in shades of blue-and-gray lacquered MDF functions as an eyeglass showcase in the 2,200-square-foot sales, consulting, and reception area of this optometry office. Pristine white custom furniture, walls, and cabinetry ensure the pixelated wall—which references the color pigments of a human eye—takes center stage. Oak veneer accents the ceiling and walls of the consulting area, where chairs by Charles and Ray Eames pull up to custom oak tables.

3. Firm: GUIV Arquitetura

Project: Boutique Las Chicas

Location: Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Standout: Inspired by gemstones, the matte fuchsia-lacquered wall panels in this women’s clothing and accessories boutique encourage shoppers to take a non-linear path through the 1,400-square-foot space. Composed of triangular MDF polygons, the faceted wall panels conceal two dressing rooms, while the the form of the cashier’s desk embraces the same abstract language.

4. Firm: LAB5 Architects

Project: Spar supermarket

Location: Budapest, Hungary

Standout: Oak panels form a sleek suspended ceiling resembling the underside of a wooden boat and flow down to touch the ground at the 22,000-square-foot flagship of supermarket chain Spar, positioned on the ground level of shopping complex MOM Park. Furniture is carved from sleek white solid surfacing, which is both easy to clean and complementary to the flowing lines of the oak detailing. Accent lighting includes lamps made from recycled wine bottles in the wine section and plastic pendant fixtures in the dairy aisle.

5. Firm: INNOCAD Architektur

Project: Graz Tourismus information center

Location: Graz, Austria

Standout: In the former cannon room of Landeszeughaus, Graz’s historical armory built in 1644, four lacquered MDF “stones” roll through the 3,600-square-foot gift shop. Actually CNC-milled display cases for museum information and merchandise, the rolling stones reference the city’s ancient cobblestones.

6. Firm: Uli Wagner in collaboration with Yael Sonia

Project: Yael Sonia showroom

Location: New York, New York

Standout: Wood accents, a gold-leaf plaster wall, and a custom chandelier combine to make this 2,000-square-foot SoHo loft more residential apartment than jewelry showroom. With a few notable exceptions such as a sofa by Holly Hunt and an oval meeting table by Egg Collective, all furnishings are custom—just like the handmade jewelry on display. Sonia specifically requested the dark-stained oak floors. Laid over concrete, they help create a relaxed setting for clients browsing eight oak-and-glass display cases.

7. Firm: LMOD Studio in collaboration with Alexander Wang

Project: Alexander Wang

Location: Tokyo

Standout: Recessed LEDs on the black marble facade call attention to this 5,000-square-foot, three-level flagship—necessary since the store sits at the far end of a street in Aoyama, Tokyo’s entertainment and shopping district. Inside, marble walls and pedestals, area rugs in wool and silk, and mostly custom furnishings create a white backdrop and black accent frame for collections.

No More Classrooms, No More Books: Belzberg Renovates Occidental College

No More Classrooms, No More Books: Belzberg Renovates Occidental College

Edie Cohen | March 27, 2014 |

Being President Barack Obama’s alma mater is Occidental College’s biggest claim to fame. But a renovated building on the Los Angeles campus has become another talking point. That’s thanks to Hagy Belzberg, who won a strictly ideas-based competition for the redo of century-old Johnson Hall. Its facade, a mash-up of neoclassical and Spanish colonial, was to be retained, however the interior was wide open to reinvention as the McKinnon Center for Global Affairs. Belzberg ran with it.

He started by looking at the way young people think, learn, and interact with technology and one another. (The father of children age 7 and 14, he has a live-in focus group.) And he found that the old passive learning paradigm—classrooms, lecture halls—was obsolete or at least heading that way. Today, education needs to be participatory, to follow a meandering path rather than a straight trajectory, and technology is king. So Belzberg Architects conceived the building as “itself technology rather than just housing technology,” he comments.

That required demolition, of course. Gutting all four levels, 40,000 square feet, allowed him to make a big statement with an atrium lobby front and center. Up on two, the main attraction is an auditorium, also double-height. Classrooms and faculty offices occupy most of the remaining space on the lower three levels; the fourth is entirely offices.

The technological nexus of the entire building is in the lobby—an intervention that he describes as a “digital Post-it wall.” More properly called the Global Forum, it’s a gently folded plane in slumped glass, subtly textured and sandwiching a layer of vinyl printed with one of two graphic patterns. “Each glass panel fits in a particular place in the composition. It’s a jigsaw puzzle,” he explains.

Kinetic aspects of the wall are twofold. To begin with, it incorporates 10 monitors—but not just any old TVs. The monitors are what makes the wall, without a doubt, a magnum opus of technology. Members of the Occidental community post their content, presentations, and on-line conversations on the screens via a proprietary app named Global Crossroads. “It’s the college’s marketplace for ideas, a platform for topics of international importance,” he says. The app also makes the wall an interdisciplinary element acces­sible to the entire campus, not just those enrolled in the relevant curriculum. Access even extends to the students studying abroad. World affairs, he adds, “should be all about the exchange of ideas.”

The other kinetic aspect involves computer-controlled LEDs. White is their default setting. Once someone mounts a presentation, however, it’s announced by blues or purples or oranges sweeping across the wall. “As the tones move, they create a moment. It’s like the curtain going up on an old-time movie,” he continues. Speaking of old-time, what to do when the wall’s technology becomes not-so-cutting-edge? Belzberg, always on his toes, gave it built-in flexibility. The glass can be converted to touch screens for increased interactivity, and monitors can be added.

As for the more traditional learning environments, they’re not entirely traditional either. Classrooms, eschewing the usual inward focus, are fronted by glass that can furthermore fold away, leaving nothing but a balustrade. (When privacy is needed, accordion doors or curtains can slide closed.) In addition, the widened, brightened hallways outside double as impromptu education spaces—white glass wall panels can be written on, and benches seem to suggest, “Let’s sit and discuss.”

Belzberg’s other classroom typology is the Innovation Lab. In this glass box off the lobby, interactive media plays a role again. A conventional roll-down projection screen, for example, is updated with what he calls “a wireless collaboration system” allowing students to try out their content in a smaller arena than the Post-it wall outside. There’s also a rear-projection screen. It’s completely transparent when not in use. When it is, passersby seeing the images, albeit in reverse, are perhaps stimulated to engage in the conversation.

He swapped his technology hat for a preservation one when it came to the auditorium, originally a chapel. Its trio of tall windows and its ceiling beams, painted with a floral motif, had long been sealed over. After discovering them during demolition, he painstakingly restored them. History, after all, is crucial to a well-rounded education.

Project Team: Dan Rentsch; Chris Sanford; Susan Nwankpa; Chris Arntzen; Corey Taylor; David Cheung; Kris Leese; Micah Belzberg; Brock Desmit; Barry Gartin; Ashley Coon: Belzberg Architects. Teal Brogden Schram: Lighting Consultant. Second Story: Media Consultant. KCK Architects and Planners: Historical Consultant. Thornton Tomasetti: Structural Engineer. California Engineering Design Group: Mechanical Engineer. Wyatt Design Group: Electrical Engineer. Newson Brown Acoustics: Acoustical Engineer. Custom Glass Specialists: Glasswork. Spectrum Oak Products: Woodwork. W.E. O’Neil Construction: General Contractor. Schwanke Construction Management: Project Manager.

James Beard Foundation Honors 2 Outstanding Architecture Firms

James Beard Foundation Honors 2 Outstanding Architecture Firms

Grace by Lawton Stanley Architects. Photo by Michael Muser.

Matthew Powell | May 07, 2014

Lincoln Center’s David H. Koch Theater, usually the home of the austere New York City Ballet, was transformed into a veritable food hall on Monday, May 5, for the 24th annual James Beard Foundation Awards, which honored Jensen Architects and Lawton Stanley Architects for their outstanding work in restaurant design. Medals were also awarded, of course, for achievement in fields such as the culinary arts and restaurant management.

Jensen’s work on Shed in Healdsberg, California, won for a hospitality space with more than 75 seats. When asked about the inspiration behind the multi-use hall, founder Mark Jensen says, “The clients’ passion for food and craft inspired us to think carefully about fabrication, materiality, and the experience.” Similar to popular food halls such as Jeffrey Beers International’s The Plaza Food Hall and TPG Architecture’s Eataly, Shed combines several food-service spaces including a coffee bar, a grain mill room, and a fermentation bar. Embracing sustainable food and design practices, the furniture and materials are highly eco-friendly and often sourced from local manufacturers. Kristina O’Neal, partner at AvroKO and juror for the awards, says, “Shed is one of the most unassumingly innovative projects I have ever seen. The structure as a whole, from furniture to fixtures, feels like a big white-washed hug.”

Lawton Stanley won for Grace in Chicago for the 75 seats and under category. Inspired by the restaurant’s chef, the architects chose to highlight materials in an unfinished and minimalist style. Brown ash, raw leather and wool, oil-rubbed bronze, and patinated steel all come into play, but the unmistakable centerpiece is the glass box kitchen, which gives guests a direct view of cooking activity. Restaurateur Caroline Styne, also a juror for the foundation, observed, “The juxtaposition of materials and textures throughout the space creates a beautiful tension that gives this quiet space an undercurrent of excitement.”

Kohler Company Competes in Reinvent the Toilet Challenge

Kohler Company Competes in Reinvent the Toilet Challenge

Lindsey Johnson | April 02, 2014

Kohler Co. and California Institute of Technology—after a two-year collaborative development of a photovoltaic toilet—competed in the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge in New Delhi, India. The challenge, which is hosted by the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation in conjunction with World Water Day, is an effort to develop next-generation toilets that will provide sustainable sanitation to 2.5 billion people around the world that don’t have it.

Kohler and Caltech implemented region-specific plumbing products and a decorative exterior that reflects Indian culture. The system includes a self-contained water purification and disinfection system that does not require wastewater disposal.

“Global sanitation is an issue that needs to be addressed, and we are proud to be a part of what the Gates Foundation is doing to increase awareness and inspire solutions,” says Rob Zimmerman, sustainability manager for Kohler Co. “Regardless of the technology developed, cultural acceptance of the solution is the key to its success. We put a lot of time and thought into how to best achieve that.”

First launched in 2012 in Seattle, the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge aims to create a toilet that removes germs from human waste and recovers valuable resources at less than $.05 cents per user per day. This year, researchers, investors, designers, advocates and representatives from around the world gathered to educate themselves on innovative sanitation and adopt these solutions in their respective communities. To date, the Gates Foundation has funded 16 research institutions as part of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.

Yabu Pushelberg to Receive IIDA Star Award

Yabu Pushelberg to Receive IIDA Star Award

Yabu Pushelberg’s design for The London EDITION. Photo by Richard Powers.

Katie Bone | March 19, 2014

For their contribution to interior design, Canadian firm Yabu Pushelberg has just been announced the winner of the International Interior Design Association Star Award. Past recipients of this award, which recognizes a person or organization’s lasting impacts on the design industry and community, include Charles and Ray Eames and Cooper Hewitt, National Design Museum at the Smithsonian. The Award will be presented on June 8, 2014 at the IIDA Annual Meeting at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago.

Cheryl Durst, IIDA executive vice president and CEO, praised Yabu Pushelberg for its consistent commitment to quality and innovation in hospitality and retail design. “Because of this demonstrated commitment and its far-reaching impact elevating the profession worldwide,” she says, “we are pleased to honor and celebrate Yabu Pushelberg as this year’s Star Award recipient.”

Interior Design Hall of Fame members George Yabu and Glenn Pushelberg joined forces in 1980, and went on to win such accolades as the James Beard Foundation Award for Excellence in Restaurant Design, Best of Competition Honors in the IIDA Best of Asia Pacific Competition, the Platinum Circle Award, and the Order of Canada—the highest honor given in their home country. With studios in Toronto, New York, and Guangzhou, China, they specialize in interior and product design for hospitality and retail.

“With all the media attention that it’s possible to receive in our modern world, it’s clearly more profound and meaningful when that recognition comes from your peers in the profession,” says partner George Yabu of their win. “It’s the most satisfying accolade we could ever get.”

Wilson Associates Expands Global Reach

Wilson Associates Expands Global Reach

Hyatt Regency Chongming by Wilson Associates and ECADI.

Jennifer Nalewicki | March 11, 2014

US-based architecture and design firm Wilson Associates has announced an official partnership with East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd. (ECADI), a leading architectural and engineering design firm based out of Shanghai and affiliated with Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd. Together, the two companies will become one of the largest design firms in the world.

Forming a partnership was a logical step for these two leading global companies, which have collaborated together in the past on numerous projects, including the Doubletree by Hilton Luneng, Renaissance Sanya Resort & Spa, Hyatt Regency Chongming, The Ritz-Carlton Wuhan, and Sofitel Shanghai Jing’an Huamin.

Olivier Chavy, president and CEO of Wilson Associates, says one of the benefits will be an increase in market share in Asia. “It will allow our team to have access to projects they wouldn’t have had before and gives us the opportunity to express our talents in new niches,” he says.

New niches include high rises, an ECADI staple, as it has designed five of the world’s tallest buildings, including Wuhan Greenland Center and Shanghai World Financial Center, both of which are located in China.

Despite the partnership, Chavy confirms that Wilson Associates will continue to be headquartered in Dallas and will maintain its satellite offices around the globe. Notably, this week the firm officially opened its Middle East and Africa (MEA) regional office in Dubai, UAE. The Dubai office joins the firm’s other key global offices and will support existing projects in the Middle East and Africa, while developing new projects in a region witnessing an unprecedented boom in premium hospitality project development.

Transformative Design: Seven Cool Hotel Conversions

Transformative Design: Seven Cool Hotel Conversions

Donna Heiderstadt | February 20, 2014 |

PROJECT NAME Hotel Conversions Roundup
FIRMMultiple Firms

Building a hotel from the ground up allows interior designers freedom to develop a visual impact in bold and highly individualistic strokes. But what if the canvas for creating that impact were decades or even centuries old? What if it was once a department store or a church or a brewery? When innovation meets preservation, the results are one-of-a-kind. Here are seven recent hotel projects in the U.S. and around the globe where conversion created aesthetics no new build ever could.

1. Designer: Nic Graham (public spaces) and Shelley Indyk (guest rooms)
Project: QT Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Conversion: From a department store and theater
Standout: Not one building but two (a palazzo-style early 20thcentury department store and a theater with cinema baroque and art deco details), this 200-room business district hotel tapped two designers to achieve its quirky eccentricity: public spaces feature high-impact LED wall art and intriguing artifacts from around the world paired with modern-vintage rooms awash in saturated hues of red, orange and yellow.

2. Designer: Jean-Dominique Leymarie
Project: L’Iglesia Hotel, El Jadida, Morocco
Conversion: From a church
Standout: The former knave of a 19th-century Portuguese church shuttered since 1969 and located in the UNESCO World Heritage Site coastal city of El Jadida underwent a three-year restoration by owner Jean-Dominique Leymarie and his wife Marielle. The result is a vibrant and timeless design that incorporates eclectic European furnishings, rugs, mirrors and assorted household items from the 1930s to 1950s, most sourced from antique dealers in Marrakech—as was the striking lobby chandelier from Syria.

3. Designer: Landmark Restaurant Equipment & Design
Project: The Brewhouse Inn & Suites, Milwaukee
Conversion: From a late 19th century brewery
Standout: Historic preservation and creative repurposing are showcased in the Kettle Atrium, where restored brew kettles from the Pabst Blue Ribbon Brewery, which opened in 1892, are set against a backdrop of original subway tile walls and a stained-glass window of King Gambrinus, patron saint of brewers. The LEED-certified hotel has 90 light-filled guest suites with décor that melds neo-Victorian and “steampunk” style with headboards and tabletops made from salvaged floor joists, while the front desk is constructed of 1,550 amber beer bottles.

4. Designer: Gert Wingardh
Project: Miss Clara by Nobis, Stockholm
Conversion: From a school for girls
Standout: The former Atheneum school’s Art Nouveau architecture had such a distinctly feminine style that reinterpretation required respect. The designer opted for “contemporary riffs” that follow the same fluid lines of the original 1910 Hagström & Ekman design. Featuring 92 rooms and slated to open in April 2014, this Design Hotels member feels “abstract modern day Art Nouveau” with a palette of dark and light, bathroom walls of glass, and materials that are inherently Swedish: limestone, oak, bentwood, leather and parquet.

5. Designer: Lazáro Rosa-Violán
Project: Hotel Cort, Mallorca, Spain
Conversion: From a bank
Standout: Palma de Mallorca’s multicultural history and the century-old bank building’s architectural quirks led the designer (a self-described “urban archeologist”) to incorporate a mix of styles: the Roman and Moorish influences of the island transposed against the crisper lines of Northern Europe. While the Design Hotels member’s restaurant features intricate tile floors, curved chairs and pendant lamps, its 16 rooms have a bright maritime sensibility with naked timber floorboards and framed maps. Refreshing pops of color united them.

6. Designer: DHD Architecture and Design
Project: Paper Factory Hotel, Long Island City, NY
Conversion: From a paper factory
Standout: Turn-of-the-century industrial-age remnants—an antique paper machine, skids used as coffee tables, and metal walls in the lobby repurposed from the old factory elevator—are accented by poured concrete floors inset with vintage clippings from Queens newspapers. The 122 light-filled rooms feature a mix of highly varnished wooden floorboards or spare painted concrete floors topped by platform beds and a hodgepodge of metal-accented vintage, restored and reproduction pieces.

7. Designer: RPW Design
Project: InterContinental London Westminster
Conversion: From a hospital
Standout: Formerly known as Queen Anne’s Chambers, this hospital-turned-government-building-turned-hotel dates to the late 19th century and is located in the heart of London’s government district. To acknowledge this, the designers incorporated details from Westminster Abbey into the lobby’s marble and mosaic floors, while satirical artwork (such as Tom Clark’s bronze of a worker climbing a ladder) references British political life. Upstairs in the 256 rooms and suites, the theme is contemporary residential luxury, created with soothing neutrals.

Hostels À Go-Go: Crash Pads With A Latin Beat

Hostels À Go-Go: Crash Pads With A Latin Beat

Firm: Design Agency. Project: Generator. Site: Barcelona, Spain. Photography: Nikolas Koening.

Nicholas Tamarin | June 25, 2013 |

In celebration of the summer months, Interior Design rounded up three far-flung hostels, each with their own particular flavor. At We Hostel Design in São Paulo, Brazil, by Felipe Hess Architect, a century-old mansion finds its funky side via flea-market furnishings and zingy accent colors. Letters and symbols against white walls create urban-style graphics. At Miami Beach’s Freehand by Roman and Williams Buildings and Interiors, old Havana meets summer camp—if the cabins came with serape throws, floral wallpaper, and vintage milk-glass pendant fixtures. And at Design Agency’s Generator in Barcelona, Spain, a 1960’s office building became an outpost of a hostel chain thanks to aluminum louvers and visible beneath them, a riot of colored lanterns.

1. Firm: Felipe Hess Architect.

Project: We Hostel Design, São Paulo, Brazil.

Standout: In a tony neighborhood, a century-old mansion finds its funky side via flea-market furnishings and zingy accent colors.

2. Firm: Roman and Williams Buildings and Interiors.

Project: Freehand, Miami Beach.

Standout: Old Havana meets summer camp—if the cabins came with serape throws, floral wallpaper, and vintage milk-glass pendant fixtures.

3. Firm: Design Agency.

Project: Generator, Barcelona, Spain.

Standout: Now an outpost of a hostel chain, a 1960’s office building gained aluminum louvers and, visible beneath them, a riot of colored lanterns.

Memo from Mumbai: What’s Trending

Memo from Mumbai: What's Trending

Project: Indigo Deli. Firm: Sameep Padora & Associates. Photography by Raju Shukla.
Jasem Pirani | January 23, 2014 |
Despite a decaying urban core Mumbai has a burgeoning arts scene with restaurants and designer boutiques on either side of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link. South Mumbai’s Kalaghoda, also known as the arts district, is constantly surprising with new additions such as the Delhi Art Gallery, which opened with a show on Indian Modernism inside a building sensitively restored by New Delhi-based firm Morphogenesis. Also making waves in the design circuit is Indigo Deli by Sameep Padora & Associates, notable for its striking internal dome inspired by wine cellars.

Further down the street from Delhi Art Gallery sits Filter, a retail space that curates and sources work of graphic designers, photographers, illustrators, fashion experts, students and product innovators. Nearby, we have Obataimu, a nifty boutique known for men’s and women’s clothing, an array of design and fashion books, vintage sunglasses and select furniture pieces. Owner Noorie Sadarangani has managed to fit in a tailoring studio, which forms the backdrop to the strikingly designed shop.

Across the street sits the airy Pantry, designed by interior designer Chetan Shah with whitewashed exterior walls, counters clad in vintage Bharat tiles in pastel tones, cement flooring, wooden table tops and metal chairs. The menu that focuses on locally sourced produce.

Across from the Bombay Stock Exchange in the deep pockets of Kalaghoda is an inviting new dining and bar space, Nico Bombay, designed by husband-and-wife owners Nico Goghavala and Kamal Sidhu. With gray concrete walls, large custom glass lamps, and a blackened mirror behind the bar, the space seems reminiscent of old New York. And located in the colonial district of Ballard Estate is The Tank, a new 5000-square-foot clothing boutique by designer Prabhakar B. Bhagwat and inspired by the building’s maritime history.

There is an equally intense fervor with which the design and cultural scene is exploding north of the sea link in Bandra one the theme remains constant throughout the city: designers have a fetish for the raw and honest. New bold spaces are being designed devoid of rules, spaces that are comfortable and relaxed.